Syndromes & Conditions > Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS)
Rubella, also known as German Measles, is a viral infection that usually causes a mild illness characterized by a rash, swollen glands, low-grade fever, runny eyes, sore throat, and joint pain. In some cases, it may be so mild that the infection is not noticed. If a pregnant woman contracts rubella, the virus can infect her fetus. This is especially dangerous during the first four months of pregnancy, when it can cause damage to the developing organs. Although any part of the body can be affected, the eyes, ears, heart, and nervous system seem to be especially susceptible to damage from a rubella infection. Children who are born with these symptoms are said to have congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Children with CRS can also develop additional medical problems as they get older. Glaucoma and diabetes are two of the most common "late onset" manifestations.